Despite the vast amount of medical research in recent years and advances in medicine in general, chronic diseases continue afflicting countless families. The most common disease currently on the rise is obesity.
Obesity is defined as excessive or excessive deposition of fat in the body. Depending on the degree of the disease, the treatment may be different. But it usually comes down to diet and exercise.
In this article, we’ll look at the different types of workouts and how they can help you fight overweight and obesity.
When it comes to exercise, there are many different types, each affecting the body differently. Aerobic exercise focuses on training the heart, including running, swimming, or cycling. Weight training focuses on building muscle mass and includes strength and strength training.
While most people associate exercise with weight loss (i.e., the numbers on the scale), they can sometimes overlook the positive changes in their body composition.
How does aerobic exercise affect body composition?
People struggling with being overweight or obese have probably been told that aerobic exercise is the backbone of any weight loss program. In this type of motor activity, energy is generated due to the rapid chemical breakdown of “fuel” substances in the muscles without the participation of oxygen; an elevated heart rate is maintained continuously.
A study published by the American Physiological Society examined the effects of regular exercise on adults. The experiment was carried out for eight months. One group completed aerobic training programs, and the other was weight training or combination programs.
The researchers found that those who participated in the aerobic training program lost more weight overall, including more fat mass, than those who participated in the resistance training program. On the other hand, those who participated in the resistance training program gained more lean mass, including muscle mass.
In this study, obese adolescents were assigned to one of two intense exercise regimens: an aerobic or a concurrent exercise program (an aerobic and resistance exercise program). Each program was supervised and lasted 50 minutes a day, three times a week, for 20 weeks. The two groups were compared with a control group that did not exercise.
In both groups, the children lost 2.9% to 3.6% more body fat compared to the control group, who lost no fat. There were also positive changes in the lipid profile. In addition, no significant changes in lean mass were found in any group, including the control group.
Both studies show that aerobic exercise can help people lose weight and get rid of fat. On the other hand, the second study shows that combination training may have the same effect as aerobic training.
How does weight training affect body composition?
Weight training or strength training refers to anaerobic exercise. Aerobic exercise is any relatively low-intensity physical exercise that uses oxygen as the main energy source to optimum nutrition serious mass support muscle movement.
Strength training helps people of all ages increase muscle strength by forcing muscles to work against another force or weight.
Weight training can help people build lean muscle mass. The skeletal muscles become stronger as the body works, and the muscles contract to overcome the opposing force.